Les Paul: The Man Behind The Guitar

Les Paul sitting with some of his favorite guitars | Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

From a very early age, it was obvious that young Lester William Polsfuss had a knack for music. But by his mid teens, it became clear that it was more than just a knack; he was virtually a prodigy. Starting around eight years old, young Lester toyed with anything he could get a melodic sound out of, but, after picking up a guitar, his obsession and passion for sound quickly blossomed into a fruitful career that would go down in music history.

Before he was even a teenager, he was making money in tips performing around his hometown of Waukesha, Wisconsin. By 1934, Lester, then in his early teens, had dropped out of high school and was performing in and around Chicago. He had encountered many obstacles of the music electronics of the day.[1. Salem Press Biographical EncyclopediaResearch Starters, 2017, s.v. “Les Paul,” by John R. Holmes.] Guitars were simple and all somewhat similar, and recording music with a full band was a troublesome and repetitive ordeal. He did not intend to be limited by either of these issues. Rather than fall into the repetition of the music industry of his day, he began to set himself apart by experimentation.

Lester’s instrument ideas were at first shot down by large corporations. In 1941, he even brought one of his first solid-body guitar prototypes to Gibson, but the company quickly dismissed him.1 This rejection seemed to motivate him even more, and he returned to the drawing board while his performing career began to culminate.

He despised the fact that his early music sounded so similar to other artists of the day. Because of this, in 1947, Polsfuss started his own recording studio, in which he began utilizing over-dubbing and multitrack recording, which allows one musician to record one instrument at a time and overlay them so that it seems that they are being played at the same time.2 Although it was at first a venture for his own personal music, many musicians flocked to his home studio wanting to be recorded by Lester.

Just as these endeavors were taking off, in 1948, Lester suffered an almost career ending injury, in which his elbow was crushed beyond the point of reconstruction. He made the choice to have his right arm permanently set at less than a 90 degree angle, leaving him the ability to cradle a guitar.3 This action alone is a prime example of the dedication that Polsfuss possessed. Instead of letting his accident end his playing, or let his early failures deter him, he continued to strive to improve and increase the options for creativity that musicians had. He tried again to invent a solid body guitar and new sound recording techniques, all while continuing to work on his own music.

His talent on the guitar gained him so much attention that Gibson, while still unwilling to accept his prototype guitar model, decided to hire him as somewhat of a consultant.4 They wanted his name associated with their product, and they wanted his unmatched innovative mindset. The company created their own solid-body guitar model with the help of Lester, and the name came naturally.5 The Les Paul guitar was created, while Lester came to reach the pinnacle of his fame.

Les Paul laughing during a performance | Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

Unwillingness to settle was what set Lester apart from other musicians of the day—his constant need to experiment and create something better or at least different. Rather than just becoming the best he could be at the instruments of the day, he almost seemed more interested in creating new and improved devices to improve his playing. Without this determination, he might have just been another musician in history.

Les Paul, suffering from injury, old age, and arthritis, still continued to play guitar and work with music until his death in August of 2009.3 His lifetime achievements consist of his induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988, a National Medal of Arts in 2007, multiple Grammys and Emmys, and countless other honors. While his guitar playing styles were an influence to guitarists everywhere, his greatest influences on the music industry were his help in creating a solid body guitar and his creation of over-dubbing and multi-track recording, which have been used by almost every musician since. His name has been immortalized in music history because of his contributions, and any fan or member of the music community has reason to thank him.

  1. Paul Verna, “‘Just A Pure Genius’: celebrating the legacy of Les Paul, the tinkerer who (really) helped invent rock’n’roll,” Billboard, (2015): 67.
  2. “The Man Before The Guitar: Remembering Les Paul At 100,” All Things Considered, (June 9, 2015).
  3. Salem Press Biographical EncyclopediaResearch Starters, 2017, s.v. “Les Paul,” by John R. Holmes.
  4. “Les Paul and the Electric Guitar,” Innovation Masters: History’s Best Examples of Business Transformation, (2012): 196-199.
  5. Calen D. Stone, “Paul, Les,” Contemporary Musicians, Vol. 2, (1990): 186-188.
  6. Salem Press Biographical EncyclopediaResearch Starters, 2017, s.v. “Les Paul,” by John R. Holmes.

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This Post Has 43 Comments

  1. I’ve never really knew anything about Guitars at all until i read this article. Les Paul is obviously the expensive brand out there and it’s made perfect, to the point where people tried to copy his work. I like how this article brought out the obsicules that Lester had to go through to get his guitar idea to come to life with the big industries. Many have turned him down but that didnt stop it, it motivated him to do better. He suffered an accident where it could have ended his career, With that, it just strived him to create guitars to the point where they finially acceoted his ideas. This was a good article to read about Les Paul to know more about the background on how it got created and the struggles Lester went through to achieve his dreams.

  2. I like reading about positive stories like this one explaining people who overcame the worst and followed their passion and made it to the top. I remember Les Paul from when I was younger and hearing records of him from my grandfather, he was amazing at Guitar and the way he made music flow. I’m glad music was had such leaders that changed the way music transformed. It makes me wonder on if people like Biggie Smalls and Elvis, even Queen didn’t have their lives taken at such a young age how they would of changed music even more.

  3. I always enjoy reading articles about those who overcame their obstacles and had a successful ending. Les Paul will always be remembered for his beautiful work on guitars and creativity. It’s always interesting reading about how a person became so passionate about their artwork and what kept them going. I wonder how music would have been differently if it wasn’t for him continuing his need to perfect instruments.

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