Nirvana’s Dead: A Biography of Nirvana’s Rise to Fame and Tragic Ending

Picture of Kurt Cobain blowing gun-smoke out of a handgun | Courtesy of
Picture of Kurt Cobain blowing gun-smoke out of a handgun | Courtesy of

“I’m not afraid of dying. Total peace after death, becoming someone else is the best hope I’ve got.” This statement made by Nirvana front-man Kurt Cobain reflects both the self-loathing and general sorrow, or anguish, that he felt he was constantly suffering from and ultimately what led to the tragic event that occurred on April 5, 1994. Kurt Cobain, the lead singer of the band Nirvana, was born in Hoaquiam, Washington on February 20, 1967.1 Few honestly know of the struggles Kurt had to endure in his life, such as his parents’ divorce when he was about nine. This break-up resulted in Kurt losing a permanent place of residence, leaving him in a constant state of borderline homelessness. As a matter of fact, Kurt even resorted to staying at the hospital where he was born around the age of nineteen.2 Regardless, Kurt still managed to climb from rock bottom to become the star he was: the lead singer of Nirvana and the face of grunge music for many people worldwide.

Photo of Nirvana’s first performance as “Skid Row”, 1987 | Courtesy of Dailymail

Of course, Nirvana didn’t come straight out the gate making hits nor score international shows. The band Nirvana actually had quite a macabre or fuzzy rise in comparison to other bands. Interestingly enough, Nirvana didn’t even start off being called Nirvana. This small trio actually bounced around with abstract names for quite a few years. From their humble beginnings in Aberdeen, Washington, in 1987 the band was known as Skid Row, Pen Cap Chew, and Bliss all within the same year.3 They played a few house parties and even fewer shows at real venues around the Aberdeen area, but the band life was more of a hobby to the group. They had fun doing what they did, played their hearts out when they had to, but they didn’t really think they were going to be anything huge when they first started out.

The group may have started small, but the effort and time they put into the band would soon enough pay off. In 1989, they released their independent album Bleach, which got them a lot more shows in lots of new places. The band finally started “blowing up” and gathering many followers nationwide. With this newfound momentum, Nirvana signed with Geffen Records and released their second album Nevermind, which has since become legendary. This was just two years after their first independent album Bleach was released.4 Nevermind kicked off Nirvana’s international rise to a new high, scoring them not only shows around the country, but in other countries as well. Nirvana went global and this new, dissonant, and muddy type of rock music started receiving mainstream recognition. This new and quickly popular genre became known and recognized as grunge, a form of punk rock with the muddy sounds of post-punk mixed with a sprinkle of youthful angst.5 This new genre became the sound of the ’90’s, with many bands such as Soundgarden, Pearl Jam, and Alice in Chains riding the wave. But for many worldwide, songs such as “Smells Like Teen Spirit” or most of the songs from Nirvana’s  Nevermind album became grunge anthems that depicted the youthful rebellion and dissonance reflected in grunge music.6

Picture of Cobain performing live. | Courtesy of

Although Nirvana was finally blowing up and rising to international fame quickly, the lead singer Kurt Cobain was still not truly satisfied with his life. Throughout his life, Cobain constantly suffered from stomach illnesses. In response to this constant illness, Kobain would abuse drugs like heroin, claiming it would cure this problem. Even worse, when Kurt met his soon to be mother of his child Kourtney Love, his heroin abuse only got worse.7 With more money and fame, his addiction grew stronger and the pressures of fame and fortune began mounting on his shoulders, until one day it was just too much. In 1994, while on tour in Europe, Kurt had to be hospitalized for drug overdose and other health issues including alcohol problems. Soon after, he was forced to cancel the tour and return back home to Seattle. His family and friends decided to stage an intervention and convince him to admit himself into rehab, much to his displeasure. This rehabilitation did not last long, as Kurt decided to flee the rehab center and return back home to Seattle, tragically unbeknownst to his family and friends. On April 8, 1994, an electrician found Kurt Cobain’s dead body in a room above the garage above his home where he was hiding out at.8 The cause of death was a self-inflicted shotgun blast to the head, and even worse, heroin was found in his system so it’s not even clear if Cobain really meant to do that to himself or if the drugs influenced him to do so.9

Cobain’s inconceivable and unanticipated death resulted in worldwide mourning over the loss of this young artist’s life. Family and friends, especially his girlfriend and daughter, were heavily affected by this tragedy, as well as all of his listeners. Cobain was an icon for Generation X. He gave voice to the youthful generation of people that felt they were dealt a bad hand. He encouraged the generation, and became “the poster boy for grunge.” After Kurt’s death, the grunge scene died down quickly. Of course, there were still other bands in the genre putting out a few successful albums, but the genre never saw the fame and glory it had during its heyday in the early ’90’s, when Nirvana was contributing to the movement.10 The genre died out as quickly as it was born, with the untimely and very unfortunate death of a very talented and tormented young artist.

  1. Salem Press Biographical Encyclopedia, 2013, s.v. “Kurt Cobain,” by Delbert S. Bowers.
  2. Nick Soulsby, I Found My Friends: The Oral History of Nirvana (New York : Thomas Dunne Books/St. Martin’s Griffin, 2015). 7.
  3.  Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2013, s.v. “Nirvana (music),” by Alan Haslam; Nick Soulsby, I Found My Friends: The Oral History of Nirvana (New York : Thomas Dunne Books/St. Martin’s Griffin, 2015), 1-18.
  4. Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2013, s.v. “Nirvana (music),” by Alan Haslam.
  5. Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Popular Musicians, 2004, s.v. “Grunge: A Brief History of a Hard Rock Genre,” by Gil Kaufman.
  6. Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Popular Musicians, 2004, s.v. “Grunge: A Brief History of a Hard Rock Genre,” by Gil Kaufman.
  7. Salem Press Biographical Encyclopedia, 2013, s.v. “Kurt Cobain,” by Delbert S. Bowers.
  8. Salem Press Biographical Encyclopedia, 2013, s.v. “Kurt Cobain,” by Delbert S. Bowers.
  9. Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2013, s.v. “Nirvana (music),” by Alan Haslam.
  10. Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Popular Musicians, 2004, s.v. “Grunge: A Brief History of a Hard Rock Genre,” by Gil Kaufman.

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This Post Has 106 Comments

  1. Justine Ruiz
    Justine Ruiz

    Nirvana is one of my favorite bands to listen to! I knew about Curt abusing drugs throughout his life but I never knew why. This article really taught me about his stomach illnesses and how sad he was beforehand. However, I feel like this article could’ve went into more details throughout his life because I felt like everything was a bit vague for people who have never listened to his music.

  2. Avatar
    Haley Aleman

    Having been someone who’s been greatly influenced not only by Nirvana but by the entirety of the punk scene, I’m a little disappointed that the author didn’t go further into detail as to why Kurt’s relationship with Courtney Love had such a bad influence on him, or why they thought that the punk scene’s been different or has almost dissipated since his death. Sure we lost a major icon and it won’t be the same as it once was, but I don’t think it’s dead for a number of reasons that I won’t explain because quite frankly that’ll turn into an essay. However that aside, I think that the author was wise in talking about the band’s earlier years and what lead them to fame. A part of me wishes that they would’ve talked about the many conspiracies behind his suicide and why some people think that he was actually murdered and it was a setup. Kurt had an extraordinary mind when it came to lyricism and it shows in his voice. I always loved nirvana just because of the raw emotion that you could physically feel from it. For those that don’t know much about nirvana, I would say that this article is a good starting point.

  3. Avatar
    Andrea Degollado

    I had never really herd of Kurt Cobin, however i found this article very interesting and informative. I had no idea how troubled Cobin’s life was. However i didn’t really find his heroin addiction too surprising, in the world of fame it is quite common to read about celebrities who have some sort of addiction or drug problem. I think reading about his death was very saddening and was so sad to see how someone with his talent came to die.

  4. Avatar
    Arsema Abera

    I never knew about the sad beginnings of Kurt Cobain, about his parents divorcing and his homelessness. Nevertheless, Nirvana was an awesome band, I love listening to their music and if they hadn’t disbanded I think they would have made great music. the drugs got to him first but I wish he had the strength to pull through. This article was really brief and I wish it had a lot of info, but all in all, it was a great article.

  5. Avatar
    Yuliana Vasquez

    Its a surprise to know how they actually begun, to know that their band was only a hobby and for them to never think they would become big is pretty interesting. I also didn’t know the cause of death and it’s such a sad thing to read because for him to be under the influence and not know if he actually wanted to do it, that’s intense. This honestly caught my eye because I wanted to know information about him.

  6. Avatar
    Micheal Baladez

    Although I had only listened to two of Nirvana’s songs,these being Heart-shaped Box and Smells like Teen spirit, I knew a lot about the troubled life of Kurt Cobain; I knew about his Heroin addiction,I knew about his attempts at rehabilitation, however, I never knew about the band’s earliest performances before there was a Nirvana alongside the life of Kurt Cobain before and while he was a star. The brief summary this article gives to these events, without skipping the major details, serves as a great way to shine light upon the earlier years of the band and its subsequent rise and hard fall. Although a great tragedy in its own right, the death of Kurt Cobain can be seen as a catalyst for many individuals to go against drugs and the abuse of them.

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