Twenty Years Later: JonBenet’s Unsolved Murder Case

6 Year Old JonBenet Ramsey | Courtesy of Biography.com

Winner of the Fall 2017 StMU History Media Award for

Most Captivating & Engaging Article

Two decades ago, on December 26, 1996, JonBenet Ramsey was found murdered in the basement of her home in Boulder, Colorado. Since the date of her murder, the crime is still unsolved. According to a detective who worked on the case, this murder case was, “one of the most perplexing and notorious murders of the decade.”1 This Christmas will mark the 21st year since the death of this poor little girl, and she deserves finally to rest in peace.

On the morning of December 26, Patricia Ramsey woke up to find a ransom note asking for $118,000 in ransom for her precious daughter JonBenet. As soon as she found the note, she called the Boulder Colorado Police Department to report JonBenet missing. When the police arrived at the Ramsey home, they conducted a search, and JonBenet’s father John found her deceased body in the basement of the home. When they found her, her skull had been beaten into, she had been strangled with a cord, and she had been sexually assaulted. The official cause of death was asphyxia by strangulation and the death was deemed a homicide.2

At the time of JonBenet’s murder, forensics weren’t as accurate as they are today, so the detectives on the case had a hard time finding a clear suspect.3 In this case, many people were questioned and put on the suspect list, including JonBenet’s own family members. There were several theories for who could have done such a terrible thing, and one of those theories was that Patricia and John Ramsey, JonBenet’s parents, were somehow involved in their own daughter’s murder.

John and Patricia Ramsey discussing information of their daughter’s death during a press conference | Courtesy of NBCnews.com

The evidence found in this terrible murder case was early thought to be incriminating evidence against the Ramsey’s. The first piece of incriminating evidence was the ransom note itself, found in the Ramsey household. In the ransom note, the “kidnapper” asked for $118,000 in ransom for JonBenet. This amount is close to the amount of John Ramsey’s Christmas bonus of that year. The second fact about the ransom note is that it was written using pen and paper from inside the house, leading to the conclusion that JonBenet was killed only after the ransom note had been written. All of this must have been done while the rest of the Ramsey family was fast asleep. Many things were found suspicious in the ransom note. Many words were misspelled but they weren’t difficult words to spell out. Also, pieces of a practice note were found, causing some to believe that the note was a spoof. Other than the ransom note, detectives were looking for signs of intrusion into the Ramsey home to narrow down the suspect list. The detectives came to find no signs of forced entry as well as no footsteps found in the snow from outside the house. Another piece of evidence was a paintbrush from Patricia Ramsey’s hobby kit that was used to tighten the cord that JonBenet was strangled with.4

Of course, all this evidence does not seem to be in favor of the Ramsey’s, but they were exonerated from the case in 2008.5 While the investigation went on, many tests were done to find JonBenet’s mysterious killer, one of which was a handwriting analysis of John and Patricia Ramsey. The test findings were that John Ramsey was not a match and Patricia Ramsey was found inconclusive.6 Other than the handwriting analysis, DNA was found on JonBenet’s long john pajamas as well as on her underwear. The entire Ramsey family was tested, and no one was a match to the DNA found.7

It’s a relief to know the Ramsey’s were not found to be their daughter’s killer, but there were still many other suspects on the list. Some of these suspects include Bill McReynolds and John Mark Karr. Both of these men were on the suspect list for the murder of JonBenet Ramsey due to strange connections police investigators found. Although neither of these men were ever indicted for the murder of JonBenet Ramsey, there are several theories that connect them to the case.

Bill McReynolds suspect in JonBenet murder case. | Courtesy of Previously.TV

Bill McReynolds was one of the prime suspects due to the connection he had with the Ramsey family. For Christmas parties the Ramsey’s would host, he would dress up as Santa Claus for the kids to enjoy. Because he knew the Ramsey’s and had been inside their house, the investigators on the case decided to obtain more information on this man and any ties he could have to the murder case. He was also looked at as a suspect because John Ramsey had made a statement in police interviews that said McReynolds could be the one behind her death. There was not much evidence found against Bill McReynolds to hold him accountable for the death of JonBenet. However, some still theorize he could have been the killer due to two disconcerting facts. The first fact is that he was said to have a close connection with JonBenet. A neighbor who attended the Christmas parties had said, “The children loved him. It was obvious that JonBenet and Burke loved him a lot.” 8 Other than this, McReynold’s wife supposedly wrote a play in 1974 where in one of the scenes a child was murdered and their body was left in the basement. This was an automatic red flag for people interested in the murder of JonBenet because as stated before, JonBenet Ramsey was found deceased in the basement of her own home. Although these two horrific details make it easy to point the finger, McReynolds had a confirmed alibi the night of JonBenet’s death and was released from the suspect list.

John Mark Karr made a false confession in JonBenet murder case. | Courtesy of Romper

Besides Bill McReynolds, another man was deemed suspicious of being JonBent’s killer. John Mark Karr another suspect of the JonBenet murder case, was not considered a suspect right away. He was not an initial suspect because he had no former ties to the Ramsey family and no DNA evidence was found that could incriminate him. In 2006, John Mark Karr made a confession to killing JonBenet Ramsey. Immediately after this confession Karr was put as the number one suspect in the murder case of JonBenet. On video, Karr is seen saying things like, “I love JonBenet. And she died accidentally.” When asked what happened when JonBenet died, he said, “Her death was an accident.” The most appalling statement heard in this video is, when John Mark Karr is asked if he is an innocent man, his answer was immediately, “No.” After the confession, investigators immediately jumped on Karr and performed many tests to confirm that he in fact was the killer of JonBenet. Although America was wanting justice for this poor little girl and they thought justice was finally going to be served, John Mark Karr’s confession was considered false. Investigators tested the DNA found on JonBenet’s underwear and found that it was not a match to Karr’s DNA. Other than the negative DNA test, police investigators looked into Karr’s location the night of JonBenet’s death. It was found that Karr had not even been in the state of Colorado that night and was instead, several states away in Georgia. This news eliminated John Mark Karr from the suspect list in the murder case of JonBenet Ramsey. This was a tragic moment in the case because, although everyone concerned with the case wanted justice, they would not convict a man who was not guilty especially if that certain man wanted to be guilty of this innocent girl’s murder.9

This case is indeed one of the most “perplexing” cases in American history and it’s a shame we still have not found justice in this case twenty years later. However, recent studies of the DNA found in this case have been looked over by Dr. Henry Lee, a DNA expert, and due to recent findings, the DNA found on JonBenet’s underwear is flawed. These recent findings have reopened the suspect list to the suspects who were counted out because of negative DNA tests. This means that suspects like John and Patricia Ramsey, Bill McReynolds, and John Mark Karr could still possibly be JonBenet’s murderer. Who could it be? Hopefully with newer DNA technology and the right evidence, investigators will find the killer of JonBenet and the justice JonBenet Ramsey is entitled to will be served two decades after her death.

  1. Steve Thomas and Don Davis, JonBenet: inside the Ramsey murder investigation (United States: Pan Macmillan, 2001), 12.
  2. Elizabeth Klaver, Sites of Autopsy in Contemporary Culture (SUNY Press, 2012), 1-2.
  3. Morgan Moffa and Judith Platania, “From Obsession to Confession: A false confession paradigm in the murder of JonBenet Ramsey,” Applied Psychology in Criminal Justice 4, no. 2 (2008): 229.
  4. Tom Berman, Andre Paparella, and Alexa Valienete, “Grand Juror Who Saw Original Evidence in JonBenet Ramsey Case Speaks Out,” ABC News (December 2016).
  5. Carol McKinley, “Ex-DA Opens Up About Why She Cleared the Ramsey Family of JonBenet’s Murder,” ABC News (October 2016).
  6.  Lawrence Schiller, Perfect Murder, Perfect Town (Harper Collins, 1999), 461-462.
  7.  Crime Scene Investigations, 2011, s.v. “DNA and Cold Cases,” by Gail B. Stewart.
  8. Charlotte Wareing, “Did ‘Santa Claus’ kill six-year-old beauty queen?” Mirror, September 2016.
  9. Jessica Golden, “Looking Inside the Mind of John Mark Karr,” ABC News, October 2006.

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This Post Has 199 Comments

  1. This story is such a tragedy, an innocent girl got her life taken from her at such a young age. This case is also so sketchy. How did she get murdered in the basement without anyone hearing anything. I always thought her parents had something to do with it, but who knows. It really is unfortunate that the DNA sample was flawed because that was honestly the only thing that could for sure catch the killer.

  2. This article was very sad to read. I feel sad for her because he didn’t get the justice he deserved and that he wasn’t the only “innocent one”. She was supposed to be safe and protected but she was killed in her own home. It is so sad that no one got blame for it and whoever hurt this poor girl could still be out there.

  3. It saddens me that more than two decades have passed by and justice still hasn’t been served to JonBenet Ramsey. Since there is so much perplexing and contradicting evidence in this case, I enjoyed how this article explains some of the theories about who the murderer is because it allows readers to formulate theories and ideas for themselves. With fast-developing technology in forensics, I hope we are finally able to find out who did it and get justice for JonBenet as quickly as possible.

  4. The amount of conspiracies and theories formulated from this homicide has led to books, movies and many more articles, and personally I believe that is not the best form of publicity a young girl should get. The homicide has had many plot twists as many try to investigate what happened, yet neither seem complete. The scene where the body was located was meddled with, and it has been proven in multiple occasions; and the evidence found has also been twisted into different perspectives. It is an interesting read, it does encompass several important points of the case in a good length, and allows the reader to formulate their thoughts; besides that, the cold case simply gives no closure which continues to allow the flow of conspiracies into the family.

  5. I am a fan of cold case stories, so I really enjoyed reading this well written and informative article! One thing I would’ve liked to read in this article is the explanation as to why it was so complicated for the police to put away the actual murderer and/or why it is a cold case. As a Forensic Science major, I believe the main reason why this case is so unique is because everything that could go wrong (crime scene wise), did go wrong. The first responder’s used poor procedures and they let the scene become so contaminated that it lead to the difficulty of finding a suspect. The story of JonBenet Ramsey is a very heartbreaking story and im glad you wrote such a fascinating article about her and the justice she did not receive.

  6. I have read many articles in this particular case and everyone has been relatively similar. This article is so unique to any others. I appreciate the current events inserted into the relatively old case. New evidence and news are always good to hear. Everyone deserves justice no matter how long ago the crime was committed. JonBenet Ramsey was such a young innocent girl and did not deserve the trauma she went through. I truly hope that she gets justice soon enough.

  7. JonBenet Ramsey’s case is very well known even in today’s time as well. This little girl has had an unsolved case for over twenty years with no new discoveries leading to her justice. This article gave good insight of the different views of the potential suspects. Hopefully with this new technology it can lead to her murder and the person will get the time that has been taken away from her.

  8. This article was very upsetting in the sense that justice has not been made to JonBenet Ramsey. I find it interesting that there were so many suspects yet they all came out to be innocent. It is crazy to think that John Mark Karr attempted to take the blame for the murder. Overall, this was a very fascinating article and I hope that with new technologies we can solve this murder.

  9. This was such a sad story to read.It hurts my heart to know that this young girl was killed in a place she was supposed to feel safe. I cant wrap my head around the fact that someone would commit this crime and got out of it. There are countless ways that this could have happened but none have been proven to be the truth. Hopefully the suspect is found so Jon Bennet can finally rest at peace.

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